The SANE nurse may ask you about:
- any immediate medical needs,
- your medical history,
- any current medications you are taking,
- your most recent consensual sexual contact,
- the dates of your last menstrual period, if applicable, and
- any current contraceptive methods.
The SANE nurse will also ask you details about the assault to help determine how best to perform the PERK exam. In order to determine where to look for forensic evidence, the SANE nurse will ask about the types of conduct that occurred and where (in or on the body) sexual contact was made. This information will be documented in the medical record. After obtaining all this information, the SANE nurse will usually ask you to disrobe so the PERK exam may be performed. Your physical privacy will be respected throughout the forensic exam. The evidence that is collected is guided by the information you provided about the assault. The evidence may include:
- Clothing worn at the time of the assault, including underwear. If your clothing is collected and you did not bring other clothing with you, you will be provided clothing (such as sweatpants and a t-shirt) to wear home.
- Swabs for possible DNA evidence taken from areas of the body where you reported sexual contact occurred.
- Hair samples.
- Blood and/or urine samples (particularly if there is concern of drug-facilitated assault).
- Any external injuries or areas of pain and discomfort. Any injuries will be documented and often photographed. (Photographs become part of the medical record).
- Injuries to the genital and rectal areas.
You control the scope and duration of the PERK exam. You may refuse any part of the exam, even after giving full consent at the start. You may elect to stop the exam before it is completed, or you may ask to take a break. The medical staff cannot examine you or collect physical evidence without your permission. They need your signed consent to administer the PERK exam and/or to provide any forensic evidence that is collected to police and/or the University. You may ask any questions that you have about the PERK exam or any aspect of your care. All PERK exam procedures should be explained so that you understand why and how they are done; if you have any questions, you should ask the SANE nurse to explain what they are doing.
If the SHW SANE nurse is not available, you will be referred to the UVA Hospital Emergency Department.